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Моделируем EMDR (17) Francine Shapiro. Interviewed by Bill O’Hanlon
metanymous wrote in metapractice

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--BOH: Initially you named this EMD, and then as you worked on these protocols you added another element. Why the R?
--FS: Because at first, coming from a behavioral therapy vantage point, I was thinking in terms of decreasing anxiety. I thought I was doing the equivalent of systematic desensitization while using the brain’s own mechanism for it. It seemed like it might be linked with REM sleep, which is when those kinds of rapid saccadic eye movements also occur. I tested the procedure in a randomized study and when it was published in 1989, it was called EMD, Eye Movement Desensitization, focused on getting rid of anxiety.

But as I continued working with the procedures, I noticed that if I let it keep going, new associations were occurring. Emotions were changing dramatically from anxiety to sadness to joy. There were cognitive and emotional changes when I allowed this association process to take place.

--BOH: When you say cognitive, just to clarify: self-talk, beliefs…?
--FS: Yes. People’s beliefs would au-tomatically shift.
--BOH: So those beliefs that used to occur automatically were suddenly new beliefs that were more helpful, less self-condemning, less fearful?
--FS: Yes. If I let the associations move, people were getting insights about themselves, about whatever they were dealing with. And it wasn’t just anxiety that was changing, it was guilt, shame; all the negative feelings moved into healthier emotions. What I was seeing was spontaneous and simultaneous changes in emotion, belief, and somatic responses. I also discovered that if I started with a present issue, it would often spontaneously go back to a past event, and there we are in psychodynamic territory. I discovered that it was easier and more efficient if I started with the past. If I cleaned that out, generally the present didn’t bother them any longer.

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