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Моделируем метафоры (5) Системная метафора.
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metanymous wrote in metapractice
http://metapractice.livejournal.com/456189.html
Оригинал взят у antizoomby в Пентагон обращается к учёным для улучшения пропагандистской машины США.

На всём протяжении истории человечества правительства были заинтересованы «властью над человеческой сферой», чтобы понимать как контролировать умы населения. В 2015 году DARPA запустила программу «Narrative Networks» («сети рассказов») или N2.

Этот проект предназначен для анализа того, как игра «в рассказы» влияет на человеческую психологию, чтобы определить, как эти конструкции затрагивают мышление. Рассказ – способ выразить что-то, подбор слов, например, как предвзятая стратегия определяет информацию.

«Рассказы оказывают мощное влияние на человеческое мышление, эмоции и поведение, и могут быть особенно важны в контексте безопасности», - говорят исследователи DARPA в докладе, опубликованном в журнале Journal of Neuroscience Methods.

Они обсуждают «… урегулирование конфликтов и контртеррористические сценарии, и обнаружение нервного отклика, лежащего в основе сочувствия к историям – всё это имеет большое значение».


Мастерство «рассказывания» может использоваться для манипулирования восприятием населения с помощью таких систем коммуникации как телевидение, чтобы тонко и насильно изменять мышление людей. Многие люди знакомы с этими технологиями под именем «пропаганда».
«Правительства часто используют истории, чтобы представить информацию, поэтому понимание того, как мы воспринимаем её, очень важно», - сказал адъюнкт-профессор психологии из Технологического института Джорджии и соавтор доклада Эрик Шумахер (Eric Schumacher).

В дополнение к «рассказам», исследование сосредоточилось на страхе. Исследователи наблюдали феномен «туннельной точки зрения» или ослабления мышления, возникавшие в мозге субъекта после обработки, например, с использованием тревожных моментов в кино.
Washington Post подводит итог:
По мере роста тревоги снижается мозговая деятельность периферийной точки зрения. Шумахер называет это «нервной подписью туннельной точки зрения». Растущая тревога также связана с сильным вмешательством во вторичные задачи. В этом случае, испытуемые должны были нажимать на кнопки, услышав сигнал.

Вероятно, эти хищные военные действия могли появиться в результате сбора знаний. Армия США довольно давно финансирует психологические эксперименты, которые нарушают основные права человека (например, Проект MKUltra).
Сейчас у нас есть финансируемая Пентагоном программа DARPA, которая платит университетским исследователям и другим учёным миллионы долларов, чтобы расширить и укрепить методы ведения войны. В результате этого, в руки явно преступного правительства и преступной армии передаются мощные технологические инструменты.

DARPA платит гениям, которые работают на неё; и это можно назвать эксплуатацией интеллектуальных ресурсов для объединения правительственной и военной власти.
Это лишь малая часть информации о развитии армией США пропагандистских приёмов, но даже эта малая часть может помочь разгадать всю головоломку.

Автор – Кассиус Метил (Cassius Methyl) - независимый журналист, работающий в theAntiMedia.org с марта 2014 года. В его статьях рассматриваются проблемы мышления, будущего, духовности и астрологии. Он проживает в столице Калифорнии – Сакраменто. Более подробную информацию об авторе можно узнать здесь.


Источник: Pentagon Employing Top Scientists to Improve US Propaganda Machine, Cassius Methyl, AntiMedia, ActivistPost, July 31, 2015.





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На всём протяжении истории человечества правительства были заинтересованы «властью над человеческой сферой», чтобы понимать как контролировать умы населения. В 2015 году DARPA запустила программу «Narrative Networks» («сети рассказов») или N2.

Narrative Networks
Dr. Justin Sanchez
http://www.darpa.mil/staff/dr-justin-sanchez


Why do people accept and act on certain kinds of information while dismissing others? Why are some narrative themes successful at building support for terrorism? What role can narratives play in causing—and helping to treat—Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? These questions deal with the role narratives play in human psychology and sociology, and their answers have strategic implications for defense missions.

DARPA launched the Narrative Networks program to understand how narratives influence human cognition and behavior, and apply those findings in international security contexts. The program aims to address the factors that contribute to radicalization, violent social mobilization, insurgency, and terrorism among foreign populations, and to support conflict prevention and resolution, effective communication and innovative PTSD treatments.

Narratives may consolidate memory, shape emotions, cue heuristics and biases in judgment, and influence group distinctions. To determine their influence on cognitive functions requires a working theory of narratives, an understanding of what role they play in security contexts, and an examination of how to systematically analyze narratives and their psychological and neurobiological impact.

Narrative Networks has three parallel tracks of research and development:

• Develop quantitative analytic tools to study narratives and their effects on human behavior in security contexts;
• Analyze the neurobiological impact of narratives on hormones and neurotransmitters, reward processing, and emotion-cognition interaction; and
• Develop models and simulations of narrative influence in social and environmental contexts, develop sensors to determine their impact on individuals and groups, and suggest doctrinal modifications.

Topics

| Health |
http://www.darpa.mil/tag-list?tt=26

Neuroscience |
http://www.darpa.mil/tag-list?tt=47

Associated Content
DARPA Aims to Accelerate Memory Function for Skill Learning
http://www.darpa.mil/news-events/2015-04-27-2

HAPTIX Starts Work to Provide Prosthetic Hands with Sense of Touch
http://www.darpa.mil/news-events/2015-04-23

Atom-width Graphene Sensors Could Provide Unprecedented Insights into Brain Structure and Function
http://www.darpa.mil/news-events/2014-10-20

Restoring Active Memory Program Poised to Launch
http://www.darpa.mil/news-events/2014-07-09

Advanced CLARITY Method Offers Faster, Better Views of Entire Brain
http://www.darpa.mil/news-events/2014-06-19




Edited at 2015-09-11 02:50 pm (UTC)

Biological Technologies Office (BTO)
Program Manager

Dr. Justin Sanchez joined DARPA as a program manager in 2013 to explore neurotechnology, brain science and systems neurobiology.

Before coming to DARPA, Dr. Sanchez was an Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Neuroscience at the University of Miami, and a faculty member of the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis. He directed the Neuroprosthetics Research Group, where he oversaw development of neural-interface medical treatments and neurotechnology for treating paralysis and stroke, and for deep brain stimulation for movement disorders, Tourette’s syndrome and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Dr. Sanchez has developed new methods for signal analysis and processing techniques for studying the unknown aspects of neural coding and functional neurophysiology. His experience covers in vivo electrophysiology for brain-machine interface design in animals and humans where he studied the activity of single neurons, local field potentials and electrocorticogram in the cerebral cortex and from deep brain structures of the motor and limbic system.

He is an elected member of the Administrative Committee of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.

He has published more than 75 peer-reviewed papers, holds seven patents in neuroprosthetic design and authored a book on the design of brain-machine interfaces. He has served as a reviewer for the NIH Neurotechnology Study Section, DoD’s Spinal Cord Injury Research Program and the Wellcome Trust, and as an associate editor of multiple journals of biomedical engineering and neurophysiology.

Dr. Sanchez holds Doctor of Philosophy and Master of Engineering degrees in Biomedical Engineering, and a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Science, all from the University of Florida.

Topics
| Neuroscience | Restoration |

Associated Content

HAPTIX Starts Work to Provide Prosthetic Hands with Sense of Touch

Atom-width Graphene Sensors Could Provide Unprecedented Insights into Brain Structure and Function

Restoring Active Memory Program Poised to Launch

From Idea to Market in Eight Years, DARPA-Funded DEKA Arm System Earns FDA Approval

By Restoring Sense of Touch to Amputees, HAPTIX Seeks to Overcome Physical and Psychological Effects of Upper Limb Loss

http://www.darpa.mil/staff/dr-justin-sanchez

Dr. Justin Sanchez - Programs

Enabling Stress Resistance
Negative impacts of stress on the cognitive, emotional, and physical well-being of warfighters is irrefutable. Recent technological developments in neuroscience present the opportunity to address these challenges as never before. Novel molecular biological techniques, coupled with in vivo measurement technologies, can allow assessment of the effects of stress with extreme temporal and anatomical precision, leading to a better understanding of stress and opportunities for intervention.

Narrative Networks
Why do people accept and act on certain kinds of information while dismissing others? Why are some narrative themes successful at building support for terrorism? What role can narratives play in causing—and helping to treat—Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? These questions deal with the role narratives play in human psychology and sociology, and their answers have strategic implications for defense missions.

Neuro-FAST
Military personnel control sophisticated systems, experience extraordinary stress, and are subject to injury of the brain. To address these challenges, DARPA pursues innovative neurotechnology and advanced understanding of the brain using a multidisciplinary approach that combines data processing, mathematical modeling, and novel interfaces. The Neuro Function, Activity, Structure, and Technology (Neuro-FAST) program is part of a broader portfolio of programs within DARPA that support President Obama’s brain initiative. The program seeks to enable unprecedented visualization and decoding of brain activity.

RAM
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious cause of disability in the United States. Diagnosed in more than 270,000 military servicemembers since 2000 and affecting an estimated 1.7 million U.S. civilians each year1, TBI frequently results in an impaired ability to retrieve memories formed prior to injury and a reduced capacity to form or retain new memories following injury. Despite the scale of the problem, few effective therapies currently exist to mitigate the long-term consequences of TBI on memory. Through the Restoring Active Memory (RAM) program, DARPA seeks to accelerate the development of technology able to address this public health challenge and help servicemembers and others overcome memory deficits by developing new neuroprosthetics to bridge gaps in the injured brain.

Revolutionizing Prosthetics
When DARPA launched the Revolutionizing Prosthetics program in 2006, the state of upper-limb prosthetic technology was far behind lower-limb technology. Advancing upper-limb technology was judged to be a more difficult medical and engineering challenge.

SUBNETS
The Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging Therapies (SUBNETS) program was created in response to a pressing need. Despite the continued best efforts of the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs to protect the health of U.S. servicemembers and veterans, the effects of neuropsychological illness brought on by war, traumatic injuries, and other experiences remain challenging to treat. Current approaches—surgery, medications, and psychotherapy—can often help to alleviate the worst effects of illnesses such as major depression and post-traumatic stress, but they are imprecise and not universally effective. Through SUBNETS, DARPA hopes to generate the knowledge and technology required to deliver relief to patients with otherwise intractable neuropsychological illness.

http://www.darpa.mil/staff/dr-justin-sanchez

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